Cacadu Development Agency presentation – proposed new developments in Makana
- Waste to Energy Plant
- Extended Airport Runway
- Restoration of Dakawa Buildings
- SMME training
A public presentation will be given by Cacadu Development Agency in partnership with Blue Crane Green Energy PVT at Eden Grove Red Lecture Theatre, Lucas Avenue at 5pm on Wednesday 31 August 2016.
Background information provided
The Cacadu Development Agency
In 2010 the Cacadu Development Agency (CDA) was founded by the Sarah Baartman District Municipality (SBDM) with operational funding provided by the district. The Cacadu Development Agency (CDA) was requested to develop local economic projects that could potentially have a macro benefit on the holistic economy of the district.
It is important to note that the primary driver of all the CDA’s projects is job creation, skills development and social upliftment. Furthermore all core projects are designed to be catalytic and to encourage private sector investment in order to create a conduit platform for value added downstream and upstream opportunities. The prevailing challenges in this respect are the rural context, limited resources of municipalities and unsustainable levels of unemployment and poverty.
In the last financial year 15 macro projects were undertaken with a investment value of several billion rand into the economy, in the sectors of Renewable Energy, Tourism, Industrial development, Aviation, Agriculture, Education and Business development.
The CDA appointed a Service Provider, through a government procurement process in 2015, to assist with the development of Waste to Energy projects based on
- Job creation
- municipal income generation potential
- potential to address the environmental issues (Dump sites etc.) that are causing risks for the municipalities.
The first municipality to have signed for this project was the Blue Crane Route Municipality, a feasibility study was completed as well as a current EIA process. The plan is to sign a final agreement before end of the year and to commence with construction within a 3 month period after signing the agreement, the construction phase is a 12 month period whereafter operations could commence immediately.
In a similar fashion the CDA commenced with discussions with the Makana Municipality, late last year. Makana gave the go-ahead for the project concept phase. Currently the project’s pre-feasibility stage is completed and a Technical Action Committee was established, to move the project forward to conclude the feasibility/ bankable stage.
The current challenge is to work around the weak financial position of the Municipality, in terms of developing a bankable project. This process is also progressing well with joint discussions with various large electricity clients of the municipality. The objectives of the project are as follows:
- Municipality should ultimately, benefit financially from the project
- Project to be developed at no cost for the Municipality (SP will carry all the initial cost – Feasibility/EIA etc.)
- At least 100 jobs to be created (Project will also clear invader plant species – Black Wattle – through the working for water project)
- Total removal of the dump site (Also mining the waste in the current site)
- Additional benefits to the municipality (The CDA have in the meantime sourced funding for various other projects in the Makana Municipality: Restoration of the Dakawa building complex, training of SMME’s, upgrading of the current Airport etc.)
- The CDA, through the SP’s expertise, is already working on a plan (assisting the Municipality) to upgrade the electricity reticulation network of the Makana Municipality. A potential fund source for municipalities in distress was identified by the CDA/ SP for this project. The total amount to be gained as a grant could be quite substantial.
The responses on GRA questions are as follows:
- Is there a firm proposal to introduce such a project, agreed by Council?
No not yet by council, although they are full aware of the project and current feasibility phase. The objective is to complete a Bankable Feasibility and to this end, the CDA appointed a project developer and together they engaged the council, who have been receptive and supportive to date. Given that development of such a project is complex, time consuming and costly, these entities are establishing a focused task-team while each carries its costs.
- Is it basically an incinerator?
No, most definitely not. Rather, the project developer has proposed a pyrolysis/combustion system that converts biomass to produce clean thermal energy and charcoal. The clean thermal energy is converted into electricity via an air cooled Organic Rankien Cycle turbine and generator set. This system burns only the pyrolysis gases and the resulting emission is therefore contains less than one tenth of the solids, NOx or CO allowed by our environmental law. Moreover, the charcoal will be beneficiated and specified/sold as biochar that will be applied in agricultural soil, thereby making the system carbon negative and ensuring the project will make a very positive environmental impact.Does Makana have a named “make” in mind?
No, the project developer has access to propriety technology and will make such information available in due course and/or as the project engages the public within the EIA process.
- Has a source of funding been applied for?
Yes, up to the Feasibility stage but no for the rest of the project. ( Various funders are already aligned, and ready once the feasibility is completed)
- Is there a known timescale for introduction?
Unfortunately not yet. The project development phase is too elastic and timelines will only be definitive when this phase is completed.
- Would it mean the closure of the Landfill site (as much of the waste, such as building materials are not flammable)?
Unfortunately not until the project is operational, once operational most definitely.
- Even with an incinerator, where would waste be dumped in order to separate waste into recyclables, re-useables, compostables, hazardous waste and the waste to be burnt?
Absolutely correct. More than one intervention/process is required and the project developer therefore intends to introduce supplementary processes, which will include a Materials Recovery Facility, so as to eliminate the need for landfill in time. It is therefore envisaged that a fully licensed and compliant waste management and treatment site/unit will be established properly operated at an appropriate location.
Chris Wilken: CDA – Project Manager